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The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology 2009;11(3):85-94.
Published online October 30, 2009.
Effects of 12 weeks' Aquatic Exercise on the Body Composition, Muscle Power, Flexibility and Bone Mineral Density in Hemiplegia Elderly
Jong-In Choi, Baek-Youn Kim
Hanseo University
Woosuk University
Correspondence:  Jong-In Choi,
Email: para@hanseo.ac.kr
Received: 28 August 2009   • Accepted: 15 October 2009

The purpose of this study was to define how aquatic exercise impact on the changes of body composition, fitness, and bone mineral density subjecting on hemiplegia patients in order to provide basic data which can help rehabilitation treatment of encephalopathy patients who has neurogenic movement disorder.
Of left hemiplegia patients who were 3rd or 4th disability grade due to the stroke, aquatic exercise was implemented on 10 elderly males aged more than 60 for 12 weeks. body composition, fitness, and bone mineral density test were made before and after exercise.
First, weight, body fat(%), and Body Mass Index decreased significantly after aquatic exercise, but muscle mass increases significantly in body composition. Second, grip strength, back strength, trunk flection, and trunk extension increased significantly in fitness. Third, affected radius and normal heel bone increased significantly after aquatic exercise in bone mineral density.
Aquatic exercise was a safe and effective method as rehabilitation treatment of hemiplegia patient, but in order to embody this more, follow-up study considering multi-variable method through controlling to medicine taking and diet of subject and variation of fitness measuring items is needed.
Keywords: Aquatic exercise, body composition, muscle power, flexibility, bone mineral density, hemiplegia


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