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Asian J Kinesiol > Volume 16(3); NA > Article
The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology NA;16(3):137-146.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15758/jkak.2014.16.3.137     Published online July 31, 2014.
Musculoskeletal Pain in Korean Amateur Football Referees - A Representative Survey
Young-In Choi, Hae-Yong Park
Hanseo University
Honam University
Correspondence:  Hae-Yong Park,
Email: 3heyong@hanmail.net
Received: 27 May 2014   • Accepted: 19 July 2014
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to find out the incidence and characteristics of musculoskeletal pain related to amateur football referee's job.
METHOD
294 in amateur referees registered in KFA participated in this study as subjects, were classified with level 1 referee group(90), level 2 referee group(47) and level 3 referee group(157). Data processing did descriptive statistics or frequency analysis using SPSS 18.0 ver. program for windows for all items. For comparison between groups, as long as specific items, one-way analysis of variance and cross analysis were tried, to confirm variables that affect occurrence of musculoskeletal pain, logistic regression analysis was executed.
RESULT
For the incidence, intensity and difficulty of daily life of pain, Significantly, level 1 referee group record statistics higher than in the other groups, occurred part tend to concentrate on knee joint?ankle joint?hamstring?calf muscle.
CONCLUSION
Because, unlike the players that take place physical contact, the referees repeat specific movement to long-term, they have high occurrence risk. The results of this study also state that the seriousness of the item related to incidence of pain and pain of experienced level 1 referee group be higher significantly than other groups. For logistic regression analysis, it is confirmed referee's level rather than age is significant factor to cause pain. Therefore, production and dissemination of special training programs are needed to prevent referee's pain.
Keywords: musculoskeletal pain, football, referee
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