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The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology 2011;13(3):31-40.
Published online July 30, 2011.
The Effects of Short-term Meditation and Walking Exercise in a Forest on Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, NK-cell and POMS
Eun-Seok Yang, Seong-Hoon Seo, Kyeong-Seok Jeong, Heuk-Rak Yoon, Dong-Hwan Lee, Boo-Geun Hwang
Hallym University
Daemyung Leisure Industry Co., Ltd.
Correspondence:  Boo-Geun Hwang,
Email: hwangbg@hallym.ac.kr
Received: 28 April 2011   • Accepted: 16 July 2011

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of meditation and walking exercise in a forest on blood pressure, heart rate, NK-cell and Profile of Mood states (POMS).
Fourteen subject were particpated in this study(meditation group, n=7, age=21.86±1.86; walking exercise group, n=7, age=22.43±2.57), forest activity program carried out fifty time for four-day/three-night trips. Data were analyzed with Wilcoxon signed-rank test and two-way ANOVA with repeated measure using SPSS 14.0 program.
The study resulted in as follows. In both group, there was no significant difference in heart rate, systolic blood pressure after program. However, in meditation group, there are statistically significant difference in diastolic blood pressure, NK-cell after program. Also, Although POMS was no significant difference, it showed that there was positive change in the every subscale mood factor after program.
Therefore, this study suggest that short-term meditation and walking exercise in a forest may lead to positive change on physiology and psychology variable. However, there was no significant difference between group in every measurement variable.
Keywords: Forest, Blood pressure, Heart rate, NK-cell, POMS


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