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The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology 2010;12(4):33-43.
Published online October 30, 2010.
The Effects of Resistance Exercise Programs on Lumbar Extension Strength, Bone Mineral Density and Balance Ability in Sexagenary Women Patient with Low Back Pain
Ji-Hoon Cho, Dong-Jin Kim
THE Joeun Hospital
Korea University
Correspondence:  Dong-Jin Kim,
Email: kemp75@naver.com
Received: 20 August 2010   • Accepted: 8 October 2010
Abstract

INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this study was to investigate the change of lumbar extension strength, bone mineral density and balance ability in sexagenary women with low back pain participating resistance exercise programs.
METHOD
Twenty women volunteered for this study(10 women each in experimental and control group) and all they were over 60 year old with communicating and exercising independently. They performed resistance exercise programs 3 time a week for 12 weeks. Medx was used for measuring lumbar extension strength, QCT was used for measuring bone mineral density, and foot checker was used for balance ability. All data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA(MIXED) by SPSS(version 16.0). P-values of <.05 were considered significant.
RESULT
Lumbar extension strength and balance ability were significantly different in exercise group(p<.05). However, bone mineral density was not significantly different in control and experimental group(p<.05).
CONCLUSION
Resistance exercise programs improved lumbar extension strength and balance ability. These result might be utilized in exercise prescription for elderly people.
Keywords: Resistance exercise, Low back pain, Lumbar extension strength, Bone mineral density, Balance ability


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